Until 2014 my entire career had been spent in academia. I graduated with a First Class Honours degree in history from the University of Durham in 1992, and then undertook postgraduate at the Warburg Institute, University of London, leading first to an MA and then to a PhD. Subsequently I worked as a research assistant on two major scholarly projects, before being appointed as a lecturer in history at Goldsmiths, University of London. Alongside these roles, I also worked as an associate lecturer in history at Birkbeck, University of London (a position I still hold).

As well as designing, running and teaching on a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate courses, I also supervised dissertations, fulfilled the role of personal tutor to numerous students, contributed to study skills and essay-writing courses, and worked as an undergraduate admissions tutor. I have also supervised and examined doctoral theses.

Three years ago, I swapped full-time academia to focus on freelancing as a writer, independent researcher, private tutor, copy-editor and proofreader. In 2017 I decided to establish myself full time as an editor and proofreader. Academic Outcomes is one of the results of this decision.

I first learned the principles of copy-editing and proofreading as a postgraduate student (thanks to my wonderful PhD supervisor, Professor Jill Kraye of the Warburg Institute, who covered drafts of my chapters in red proof marks). Later, as a researcher, I was able to apply these skills, contributing editorial and proofreading work to various publications. As a lecturer and tutor, I have advised and helped many students with their academic writing.

Academic Outcomes combines, therefore, my academic experience, my commitment to scholarly standards, and my skills and knowledge as an editor.

Beyond academic editing, I also provide, under the name of Crayon Rouge, editorial services to independent authors, and I continue to research and write. For further information, see my personal website: stephenpigney.com.


2000: PhD on ‘Seventeenth-century accounts of philosophy’s past: Theophilus Gale and his continental precursors’; Warburg Institute, University of London

1994: MA in Combined Historical Studies (The Renaissance); Warburg Institute, University of London

1992: BA (First Class Honours) in History; University of Durham


2014-present: copy-editor and proofreader; freelance writer and independent researcher

2004-present: Associate Lecturer in History at Birkbeck, University of London

2010-14: Lecturer in History and Undergraduate Admissions Tutor at Goldsmiths, University of London

2009-10: Cataloguer in the Department of Prints and Drawings at the British Museum

2006-9: Research Assistant on the British Printed Images to 1700 project at Birkbeck, University of London

2000-4: Research Assistant on the Oxford Francis Bacon project at Queen Mary, University of London

2000-3: Teaching Assistant in the School of English and Drama at Queen Mary, University of London

1999-2000: Library Trainee at the Warburg Institute, University of London

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